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Financial Market

Definition: Financial Market refers to a marketplace, where creation and trading of financial assets, such as shares, debentures, bonds, derivatives, currencies, etc. take place. It plays a crucial role in allocating limited resources, in the country’s economy. It acts as an intermediary between the savers and investors by mobilising funds between them.

沃伦·巴菲特自2014年以来再次排名第二,净资产由去年的608亿美元增加到756亿美元。
adv. 严格地

Functions of Financial Market

“The Fed was much more aggressive than expected,” Mr Koepke says. “Taking markets by surprise was clearly not the way to go.” (This was before the Fed began making regular public statements after its monetary policy meetings.)

  • It facilitates mobilisation of savings and puts it to the most productive uses.
  • It helps in determining the price of the securities. The frequent interaction between investors helps in fixing the price of securities, on the basis of their demand and supply in the market.
  • It provides liquidity to tradable assets, by facilitating the exchange, as the investors can readily sell their securities and convert assets into cash.
  • It saves the time, money and efforts of the parties, as they don’t have to waste resources to find probable buyers or sellers of securities. Further, it reduces cost by providing valuable information, regarding the securities traded in the financial market.

The financial market may or may not have a physical location, i.e. the exchange of asset between the parties can also take place over the internet or phone also.

Classification of Financial Market

classification of financiak market

  1. By Nature of Claim
    • Debt Market: The market where fixed claims or debt instruments, such as debentures or bonds are bought and sold between investors.
    • Equity Market: Equity market is a market wherein the investors deal in equity instruments. It is the market for residual claims.
  2. By Maturity of Claim
    • Money Market: The market where monetary assets such as commercial paper, certificate of deposits, treasury bills, etc. which mature within a year, are traded is called money market. It is the market for short-term funds. No such market exist physically; the transactions are performed over a virtual network, i.e. fax, internet or phone.
    • Capital Market: The market where medium and long term financial assets are traded in the capital market. It is divided into two types:
      • Primary Market: A financial market, wherein the company listed on an exchange, for the first time, issues new security or already listed company brings the fresh issue.
      • Secondary Market: Alternately known as the Stock market, a secondary market is an organised marketplace, wherein already issued securities are traded between investors, such as individuals, merchant bankers, stockbrokers and mutual funds.
  3. By Timing of Delivery
    • Cash Market: The market where the transaction between buyers and sellers are settled in real-time.
    • Futures Market: Futures market is one where the delivery or settlement of commodities takes place at a future specified date.
  4. By Organizational Structure
    • Exchange-Traded Market: A financial market, which has a centralised organisation with the standardised procedure.
    • Over-the-Counter Market: An OTC is characterised by a decentralised organisation, having customised procedures.

No. The Bank of Japan’s life will get tougher in 2018 as the US Federal Reserve tightens policy and widens the interest rate gap with Japan. But governor Haruhiko Kuroda is determined to hike rates in response to one thing only: inflation. The BoJ may let the yield curve climb a little if prices start to accelerate, but real interest rates in Japan will end 2018 no higher than at the start of the year.
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Edgar Wright’s Baby Driver is one of the most entertaining thrill rides of this year, this decade. This century.
比特币区块被讨论得最多的一项潜在用途,是去中心化的打车服务“Uber”。客户无需使用特定软件,就能订车并直接向司机付款,去掉中间商。(Uber创始人特拉维斯o卡兰尼克,抱歉)区块能用于各种用途,从储存安全文件(去中心化的的Dropbox)到“水印”技术,水印技术是指某块特定的比特币能包含比如你房子的房契。Digital Currency Group投资主管赖安o希尔基斯表示:“区块将催生数十年的创新。这可能催生零阻力股票发行、所有权转让以及智能合同。而上述事物共同构成了经济的支柱。如果你想创建分散管理的优步、Dropbox以及Facebook,你可以重塑互联网。”Digital Currency Group由前SecondMarket创始人巴里o希尔伯特创办。

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